Trailblazing programme helps offenders address complex needs

Trailblazing programme helps offenders address complex needs image

Merseyside CRC staff have been praised for their role in supporting a pioneering scheme aimed at support offenders who have complex and multiple needs.

Justice Secretary David Gauke (pictured) backed a pilot that is running at Sefton Court that works with people who have mental health, alcohol and substance abuse issues. Mr Gauke spoke on national news and his department issued a press release praising the five pilot areas for the work they are doing.

In the five areas, justice and health services have signed up to a new protocol to help offenders tackle the root cause of their criminality. Psychologists based at the court assess offenders whose crime makes them eligible for a Community Order. Local panels comprising justice and health officials also ensure that magistrates and judges have the additional information they need to determine whether the offender should be required to receive treatment for their mental health, alcohol or drug issues.

The protocol dictates a new minimum standard of service and additional training has been provided to staff in the pilot areas to improve collaboration between the agencies involved.

This has increased confidence among sentencers – resulting in more ‘Community Sentence Treatment Requirements’ (CTSRs) being issued as part of sentencing in those areas. When used, CSTRs require engagement with local health services under the terms of the sentence. Failure to attend could represent a breach of that sentence.

The initiative brings together the M CRC, the Ministry of Justice, Department of Health and Social Care, NHS England and Public Health England to improve access to treatment programmes for offenders serving community sentences.

Research shows that around 29 per cent of offenders who start Community Orders self-report having mental health problems and of those who are formally assessed, 32 per cent were identified as having a drug misuse need and 38 per cent an alcohol misuse problem.

Mr Gauke said: “I’m delighted to announce these sites in partnership with the Department of Health and Social Care, NHS England and Public Health England. We are all clear that we need to do more to support vulnerable offenders in the community.

“I want to improve confidence in community sentences, and early evidence from these sites has shown that treatment requirements can have a significant impact in improving rehabilitation and addressing the underlying causes of offending.

“We need to do more to raise awareness and increase confidence in treatment requirements and I look forward to exploring how these sites progress.”

District Judge Richard Clancy, lead Judge at the Complex Case Court in Merseyside, said: “To have a trial scheme where the court has on-site psychologists capable of testing suitability of a defendant for a mental health treatment requirement, so that such a community order can be made by the judge on the same day without need for adjournment, is a remarkable and innovative move which I fully support.

“This is an excellent joint venture, and I have seen first-hand how this allows us to ‘nip in the bud’ one of the major causes of crime.”

A 2017 joint report by the Ministry of Justice and Public Health England looked at the association between community-based drug and alcohol treatments and reoffending behaviour. The report showed that:

Among those that committed an offence in the two years before undergoing drug or alcohol treatment, there was a 33 per cent reduction in the number of offences they committed in the subsequent two years.
The reduction for those engaging in alcohol treatment was especially striking, at 59 per cent.

A recently published study from the Ministry of Justice found that when offenders were handed mental health treatment requirements as part of their sentence, they were significantly less likely to reoffend compared with similar cases where this was not the case. Despite this, the use of treatment requirements as part of community sentences remains very low.

Since the pilot sites went live at various points in late 2017 and early 2018 – in Birmingham, Plymouth, Sefton, Milton Keynes and Northampton – initial figures suggest that over 400 CSTRs have been given.

That means fewer short-term custodial sentences which are known to frequently be ineffective at turning vulnerable offenders away from crime. Adults released from custodial sentences of less than 12 months have a proven reoffending rate of 64.9 per cent.

Once the results of the trial sites have been assessed, it is intended that the scheme will be rolled out more widely across England.

By putting treatment programmes at the core of community sentences, the project will enable increased use of these services, ultimately helping to reduce reoffending and improve rehabilitation.

The programme sets out a new minimum standard of service, while there has also been additional training and improved collaboration between agencies. This includes a steering group at each site to ensure the smooth running of the diversion process.